Retroperitoneal Sclerosing Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Tumour

Full Article

VYK To, JPK Tsang, TW Yeung, MK Yuen

Hong Kong J Radiol 2015;18:51-6

DOI: 10.12809/hkjr1414242

Perivascular epithelioid cell tumour is a relatively new entity with rising incidence. This is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm that can occur in various organs and is characterised by proliferation of perivascular cells and expression of myomelanocytic markers. Here, we present an asymptomatic 52-year-old female patient with an incidental radiological finding of a large retroperitoneal mass, histologically and immunohistochemically proven to be a sclerosing type of perivascular epithelioid cell tumour. The mass showed typical morphological and microscopic features consistent with those described in the current literature. However, it had computed tomography findings of neovascularisation and hyper-vascularity, not often documented in previous case reports of the sclerosing type of tumours. Literature review, using PubMed, of intraperitoneal / retroperitoneal type of tumours, and specifically the sclerosing type, was performed. To the best of our knowledge, less than 20 sclerosing perivascular epithelioid cell tumours have been reported and few describe the associated radiological features.