Computed Tomography of Anterior Mediastinal Masses

S Lau, WH Yeung, WH Kwan, CS Cheng, HS Lam

Hong Kong J Radiol 2003;6:100-6

Anterior mediastinal masses have diverse origins and aetiologies. Correct diagnosis requires a logical and practical strategy, recruiting as much clinical and radiological information as possible. Computed tomography is a common imaging modality for evaluating mediastinal lesions and can often offer a limited differential diagnosis or even suggest a specific diagnosis in some situations. Computed tomography also helps in the planning of further invasive diagnostic procedure, as well as therapeutic decisions. Familiarity with the prevalence and pathological characteristics of various mediastinal masses, as well as the typical computed tomography findings is the key for correct diagnosis and proper management.